Berry and fruit bearing trees and shrubs provide food for a range of insects and animals, too: hedgehogs, badgers, mice, squirrels and even foxes will all happily feed on them.
All sorts of fruit are attractive to insects, and left where they fall in the late summer and autumn they will attract numerous butterflies to their syrupy goodness.
English Oak Quercus robur
A large deciduous tree forming a magnificent broad, rounded crown with dark green leaves turning reddish-brown in autumn. Yellow-green catkins plus characteristic acorns. Oaks can sustain a larger variety of insects and invertebrates than any other tree.
Sessile Oak Quercus petraea
A large deciduous tree forming a broad, rounded crown with dark green leaves turning orange-brown in autumn. Yellow catkins plus characteristic acorns. Oaks can sustain a larger variety of insects and invertebrates than any other tree.
Beech Fagus sylvatica
A large deciduous tree with yellow-green leaves in spring turning rich russet-brown in autumn. Small green flowers with bristly fruits.
Hornbeam Carpinus Betulus
Large deciduous tree with a fluted grey trunk. Leaves turning yellow in autumn. Hop like fruiting catkins open in spring.
Small-leaved Lime Tilia cordata
A medium sized deciduous tree. Glossy dark green, heart shaped leaves which turn yellow in autumn. Small, fragrant creamy-white flowers in summer.
Aspen Populus tremula
A large deciduous tree with broad crown. Rounded leaves are bronze in colour when young and tremble slightly in a light breeze. Leaves turn yellow in autumn. Male trees have woolly grey catkins.
Field Maple Acer campestre
A medium sized deciduous tree with a compact bushy crown. Leaves turn red or yellow in autumn. Flowers are small and green forming winged maple fruits.
Bird Cherry Prunus avium
An ornamental tree with plentiful white or pink blossom in spring. Plentiful cherries provide a great source of food to birds who disperse the seeds.
Rowan Sorbus aucuparia
An upright deciduous shrub up to 5m. Maple like leaves which turn pink or red in autumn. Flat clusters of small white flowers followed by translucent red berries.
Silver Birch Betula pendula
An elegant medium sized deciduous tree with slender drooping twigs. Bark is white with leaves turning yellow in autumn. Flowers in catkins in the spring.
Hazel Corylus avellane
A large, spreading deciduous shrub with rounded leaves turning yellow in autumn. Yellow catkins in spring followed by edible nuts in autumn.
Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna
A small rounded deciduous tree with flossy deep lobed leaves. Sprays of cream flowers in spring followed by dark red berries in autumn.
Blackthorn Prunus spinose
A small thorny deciduous tree with dark green leaves. Small white flowers in early spring with black berries.
Dogwood Cornus sanguinea
A deciduous shrub of upright, bushy habit with young reddish shoots in winter. Ovate leaves turning deep red in autumn. Small white flowers in flat clusters followed by black berries.
Spindle Euonymus phellomanus
A large deciduous shrub with winged branches. Small greenish-yellow flowers followed by 4-lobed pink fruits in autumn.
Guelder Rose Virburnum opulus
An upright deciduous shrub growing up to 5m to all with maple-like, lobed leaves which turn pink or red in autumn. Flat clusters of small white flowers surrounded by large white petals, followed by translucent red berries.
Small evergreen tree with broad oval glossy leaves. Creamy-white flowers in panicles to 15cm in length in summer and early autumn. Seldom fruit with small black berries.
Medium sized evergreen tree, slow growing with dark, glossy green and usually spiny leaves. Small dull white flowers in spring followed by bright red berries on pollinated female plants. Supports birds through the winter months.
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